In U.S. law, the right of the state to an estate for which there is no one legally qualified to inherit or claim the estate. A written statement filed as part of a court or appeal process that explains the legal and factual arguments of a page. legal advice; A term also used to refer to lawyers in a case. All financial interests of the debtor at the time of filing the application for insolvency. The estate technically becomes the temporary rightful owner of all the debtor`s assets. An indeterminate sentence of “no less” and “no more than” so many years, the exact period to be served subsequently being determined by the probation authorities within the minimum and maximum limits set by the court or by law. Recourse based on a system of fairness, natural law or justice, as opposed to common law remedies. Action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant on the basis of a claim that the defendant had failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. The separation of a man and a woman effected by the judgment or adoption of a court that either completely dissolves the marriage or suspends its effects to the extent that it concerns the cohabitation of the parties. any act that embarrasses, hinders or hinders the court or reduces the authority or dignity of the court; may result in civil or criminal penalties. There are two types of contempt; directly and indirectly.
Direct contempt is that committed in the immediate presence of the court; and indirectly is the term used primarily in connection with the failure or refusal to comply with a legal order. The philosophy of law or science that deals with the principles of positive law and legal relations. A term that is no longer used. See Certificate for registration status. A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both parties to the court and establish the facts at issue. The federal criminal courts are composed of 12 people. The civil juries of the Confederation are composed of at least six persons. In family law or children`s law, the time at which a child becomes legally free of parental control occurs automatically when he or she reaches the age of majority (18 for most purposes). This can happen earlier if the child is married or if he is abandoned by the parents and supports himself.
Are you a lawyer? Visit our professional website » Conceptually different from a divorce in that a divorce terminates a legal status, while a reversal determines that a marital status never existed. The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code, which provides for the adjustment of the debts of a “family farmer” or a “family fisherman”, as defined in the Bankruptcy Code. At FindLaw.com, we are proud to be the leading source of free legal information and resources on the Internet. Contact us. A legal theory that alleges that the defendant abused a court case, such as a subpoena or prosecution. With regard to civil actions in “justice” and not in “law”. In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages). A separate “justice” court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S.
jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in “legal cases,” but not in “equity cases.” A lawsuit or legal proceeding against the person based on personal responsibility. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the “individual or group information session” of a not-for-profit budget and credit advisory body, in which individual debtors must participate before filing an application under a chapter of the Bankruptcy Act; and (2) the “Personal Finance Management Course” in Chapters 7 and 13, which an individual debtor must complete before a release is registered. There are exceptions to both requirements for certain categories of debtors, urgent circumstances, or if the U.S. trustee or receiver has determined that there are not enough licensed credit counselling agencies available to provide the necessary advice. A collective term for all of a person`s property, including real and personal property and other legal rights. A group of 16 to 23 citizens who listen to evidence of criminal charges presented by prosecutors and determine if there is a probable reason to believe that a person has committed a crime. See also Indictment and United States Prosecutor. Government agency empowered to resolve disputes.
Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” Written statements submitted to the court describing a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. A record containing pleadings, judgments, motions, judgments and other records of a prosecution. Legal acts must be compiled by the plaintiff and submitted to the Court of Appeal. Consent of the respondent to cease activities that the government claims to be illegal.