9,565 When identifying the sex of a corpse in an early state of rot, quartered or charred, the prostate and Adam`s apple, which are male structures, or the uterus, which is a female organ, are first searched. Since this is not possible, bone examinations can distinguish: in women, the shoulders are narrower, the thorax is smaller and egg-shaped, the malar protrudes less, the pelvis wider, the sacrum shorter and wider, the tailbone does not reach the lower part of the pelvis, the bones are less voluminous, The extremities are more sensitive and the legs account for 50% of the height. The skull has thinner, smaller, lighter and smoother bony walls with slightly accentuated extensions; The face and jaws are not voluminous. Women`s pelvis Male pelvis In men, the shoulders are wide, the bones are larger, the thorax is larger and coniform, the malar protrudes, the pelvis narrower, the sacrum long, the tailbone reaches near the lower part of the pelvis, and the legs correspond to 56% of the height. The Adam`s apple, stimulated by the hormone testosterone, has an acute, convex and protruding angle. It can be determined in the individual living at different stages of life (childhood, adolescence and adolescence). Over time, physical changes (sagging, roughness, dry skin, baldness, fatty pockets in the lower eyelid, obesity, enlarged prostate, senile spots on the hands) indicate old age. Tooth wear can also help determine age. The determination of the age of carcasses can be done by enlargement of the prostate, atrophy of the uterus, liver, spleen, brain, kidneys, lungs and testicles, which characterize age. In the case of charred or decomposed corpses, identification is carried out by the bones. The analysis of ossification and epostal welds makes this measure possible. X-rays of the bones of the wrists, hands and skull also help with identification. In handles and hands, age calculation is carried out by analyzing welds and ossification cores.
In the skull, the X-ray can check the fontanelles (mole), which indicates that it is a baby. In adulthood, sutures of the cranial bones facilitate identification, and in the elderly, a decrease in bone volume and weight (atrophy) and bone fragility indicate osteopenia (decreased bone density). Epiphyses in mature epiphyses 11 years 21 years Palatine research studies wrinkles of the palate (sky of the mouth), which occurred in the 3rd century. The month of pregnancy is formed by the method of comparison with the documents containing these previously obtained impressions. This procedure is used by the Ministry of Aviation to identify corpses. Queiloscopy, the examination of immutable and permanent lipprints since the 6th week of pregnancy, can also be used in identification. Identification based on teeth can be done with a dental record provided by the victim`s dentist. The presence of restorations or placement of prostheses facilitates detection. First quadrant (top right) Fourth quadrant (bottom right) Second quadrant (top left) Dental plug model 38 Third quadrant (bottom left) Height charts that can be applied to different types of bones help determine the height of the individual using Broca`s osteometric chart. For example, if the femur is 48.6 cm high, the living individual is 1.80 m tall DNA analysis Molecular diagnostics enable the genetic identification of humans and is an effective expert tool. With this, we can determine a small mass of charred tissue of the victim; and using blood samples For this analysis, the PCR (polymerase chain reaction) technique is used, which makes it possible to multiply a certain fragment of DNA a thousand times. With this technique, it is possible to obtain copies of a piece of DNA in sufficient quantity to recognize and analyze the crucial sequence.
FORENSIC APPOINTMENTS Coroner`s doctors work directly with the lifeless body, whose analysis allows them to determine not only the cause of death, but also other aspects such as the time of death, whether a weapon was used to cause death, traces of the perpetrator`s death, and whether the victim resisted. In order to prepare the report, the physician reviews the elements of the case from the time the police became aware of the incident to the statements of the victim, the accused, witnesses, investigation reports and the location with the analysis of the medical report. In medical opinion, the conclusion is the most important part. 2.4 Oral testimony This is testimony given at an instructive hearing and a judgment on unclear facts. 2.5 Expert opinion It must be approved by a legally competent authority, for example: a police officer, and referred to a competent coroner. The request must include information about the identification of the individual, the time, place and purpose of the audit in order to prepare the report. Expert opinion is an account prepared during the conduct of the investigation. It should contain only the essentials in a short and concise form. The expert shall indicate the location and types of injuries or lack thereof. An additional examination should be carried out thirty days after the offence so that the expert can check whether or not there are sequelae, as well as the degree of disability caused to the victim.
As a general rule, the expert opinion shall be based on requirements previously defined by the applicant authority, which shall list the points to be clarified. The most common questions are: Was there a violation of physical integrity or health? What instrument is used? Was the injury caused slowly or cruelly (poison, torture, etc.)? Was the victim unable to work for more than 30 days? Caused permanent damage or loss/loss of limbs, senses or organ functions? Did it prevent the victim from working, did it cause incurable illnesses or malformations? Did it cause an acceleration of childbirth or abortion? 2.6 The whole crime It is the set of traces that are in the body of the person (bodily injuries), living or dead.