More than 80 per cent of the Legal Aid Committee`s budget is allocated to the provision of defence lawyers in criminal cases. This is generally due to two causes in South Africa: the majority of crimes are committed by the poor, and defence in criminal cases takes precedence over civil prosecution.  Prior to the adoption of the 1994 Constitution, 80% of all those convicted of crimes were unrepresented, as there was no right to defence and no obligation on the part of the government to provide such a defence. Following the adoption of the 1994 Constitution, the South African government was obliged to establish organisations such as the Legal Aid Council to facilitate access to legal aid.  Supreme Court Justice Lord Wilson of Culworth is concerned that the effectiveness of legal aid may be compromised. Wilson said: “Disadvantaged people, who needed to know and uphold their human rights, were probably unable to do so without free legal advice and representation. Even where it continues to have to provide free legal aid, for example to accused persons prosecuted and parents threatened with deportation of their children, the UK indirectly reduces it by setting lawyers` rates of pay at such an uncommercial level that most of them reluctantly feel unable to do this work. Access to justice is under threat in Britain.  The Law Society submits that restrictions on legal aid prevent defendants from receiving a fair trial.  In reaction to rapid industrialization in Europe at the end of the 19th century.
In the nineteenth century, trade union and workers` parties emerged that questioned the social policies of governments. They secured the passage of laws granting workers legal rights in the event of illness or accident in order to prevent industrial workers` industrial workers` industrial action. Trade unions, in turn, began to provide legal advice to workers on their new economic, social and cultural rights. Demand for these services was high, and in an effort to provide impartial advice to workers, many governments began providing legal assistance in the early 20th century.  Most development legal aid services are defined in constitutional laws by grassroots organizations, human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs) or some Asian governments. The total amount allocated to the provision of civil legal assistance in the United States is approximately $1.345 billion. The Legal Services Corporation (LSC) is the largest funder of legal aid programs in the United States, providing about one-quarter of these funds. LSC is a government-funded non-profit organization that awards scholarships to 134 scholars nationwide. With this federal funding, recipients must meet certain restrictions on advocacy and client eligibility that do not apply to many other sources of civil legal aid funding. NLADA played a leading role in the founding of the LSC in 1974 and continues to lobby Congress vigorously for funding.
The number of legal aid recipients has fallen by 82% in eight years, leading to unnecessary conflict and stress, while preventing satisfactory justice. Austerity measures from 2012 have reduced funding for legal aid by around £950 million a year in real terms, resulting in a significant increase in the number of people having to represent themselves. Parents give up trying to stay in touch with their children. Tom McNally said: “If we really wanted to carry out substantial reforms to the criminal justice system, it was almost impossible to continue austerity.”  Litigants do not know personally what evidence to present or what questions to ask.  In divorce and separation cases, far fewer couples use mediation. Without lawyers, there is no one who shows less confrontational ways of getting along.  Philip Alston stated that legal aid has been significantly less available in England and Wales since 2012, which has “mainly affected the poor and disabled, many of whom cannot afford to challenge denials or reductions of benefits and are therefore effectively deprived of their human rights to a remedy.”  The State shall ensure that the functioning of the legal system promotes justice based on equality of opportunity and, in particular, provides free legal aid through appropriate legislation or systems or in any other manner to ensure that no citizen is deprived of the opportunity to provide justice because of economic or other obstacles.  Legal aid is closely linked to the welfare state and the provision of legal aid by a state is influenced by welfare attitudes.